Infants/Babies ( birth to 18 months)
- This is the time your child learns to trust or mistrust. Children develop a sense of trust when as parent you provide reliability, care, and affection. A lack of this will lead to mistrust.
- This is the time for developing the bonds that will last a lifetime providing the child with the inner resources to develop self-esteem and the ability to relate positively with others;
- Also the time for the parents to begin to discover who this person really is;
- Your baby learn about the world through sight, sound, touch, taste and smell.
Early Childhood (2 to 3 years)
- At this stage your child is learning to become independent, doing his /her own thing;
- These include toilet training, eating, dressing self, exploring;
- If supported and positive feedback is given, the child becomes more and more independent and takes control of his/her environment;
- If the child is inappropriately criticised in stead of guided when failing and making mistakes, the child experience shame and become hesitant to learn.
School Age (6 to 11 years)
- When starting school the child learns to become productive. He/she is dedicated to achieve at school;
- Children need to cope with new social and academic demands.
- If the child is not coping and inappropriately given feedback he/she develops as sense of incompetence and inferiority;
- Success leads to a sense of competence, while failure results in feelings of inferiority.